- New Caledonia
Introduction ::New CaledoniaBackground:Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island became a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum between 2014 and 2018 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.Geography ::New CaledoniaLocation:Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of AustraliaGeographic coordinates:21 30 S, 165 30 EArea:total: 18,575 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 156land: 18,275 sq kmwater: 300 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly smaller than New JerseyLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:2,254 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humidTerrain:coastal plains with interior mountainsElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mont Panie 1,628 mNatural resources:nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copperLand use:arable land: 0.38%permanent crops: 0.27%other: 99.34% (2011)Irrigated land:100 sq km (2003)Natural hazards:cyclones, most frequent from November to Marchvolcanism: Matthew and Hunter Islands are historically activeEnvironment - current issues:erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest firesGeography - note:consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atollsPeople and Society ::New CaledoniaNationality:noun: New Caledonian(s)adjective: New CaledonianEthnic groups:Melanesian 44.1%, European 34.1%, Wallisian & Futunian 9%, Tahitian 2.6%, Indonesian 2.5%, Vietnamese 1.4%, Ni-Vanuatu 1.1%, other 5.2% (1996 census)Languages:French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialectsReligions:Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%Population:264,022 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Age structure:0-14 years: 24% (male 32,390/female 30,996)15-24 years: 17.1% (male 23,000/female 22,060)25-54 years: 42.6% (male 56,533/female 55,907)55-64 years: 8.1% (male 10,526/female 10,842)65 years and over: 8.2% (male 9,732/female 12,036) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 48.3 %youth dependency ratio: 33.6 %elderly dependency ratio: 14.7 %potential support ratio: 6.8 (2013)Median age:total: 30.7 yearsmale: 30.1 yearsfemale: 31.3 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:1.45% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 83Birth rate:15.81 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 127Death rate:5.39 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 176Net migration rate:4.12 migrant(s)/1,000 populationcountry comparison to the world: 27note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2013 est.)Urbanization:urban population: 57% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:NOUMEA (capital) 144,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 5.54 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 178male: 6.54 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 77.13 yearscountry comparison to the world: 70male: 73.08 yearsfemale: 81.37 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:2.02 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 126HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 96.2%male: 96.8%female: 95.5% (1996 census)Government ::New CaledoniaCountry name:conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependenciesconventional short form: New Caledonialocal long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependanceslocal short form: Nouvelle-CaledonieDependency status:territorial collectivity (or a sui generis collectivity) of France since 1998Government type:parliamentary representative democracyCapital:name: Noumeageographic coordinates: 22 16 S, 166 27 Etime difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three provinces named Province des Iles, Province Nord, and Province SudIndependence:none (overseas territory of France); note - a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled to take place between 2014 and 2018National holiday:Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1789); note - the local holiday is New Caledonia Day, 24 September (1853)Constitution:4 October 1958 (French Constitution)Legal system:civil law system based on French law; the 1988 Matignon Accords (signed in the Matignon Hotel) set up a ten-year period of development during which the Kanak community received substantial autonomy but agreed not to raise the independece issueSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by High Commissioner Jean-Jacques BROT (since 2 February 2013); note - he was nominated on 23 January 2013head of government: President of the Government Harold MARTIN (since 3 March 2011); note - since 3 March 2011, three different governments of Harold MARTIN have collapsed over the choice of a flag that will be used while it is being decolonized; President Harold MARTIN is head of a caretaker governmentcabinet: Cabinet consisting of 11 members elected from and by the Territorial Congress(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the government elected by the members of the Territorial Congress for a five-year term (no term limits); note - last election held on 10 June 2011 (next to be held in June 2016)Legislative branch:unicameral Territorial Congress or Congres du territoire (54 seats; members belong to the three Provincial Assemblies, or Assemblees Provinciales, elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 9 May 2009 (next to be held on 10 May 2014)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 13, Caledonia Together 10, UC 8, UNI 8, AE 6, FLNKS 3, Labor Party 3, other 3note: the Customary Senate is the assembly of the various traditional councils of the Kanaks, the indigenous population, which rules on laws affecting the indigenous population; New Caledonia holds two seats in the French Senate; elections last held on 21 September 2008 (next to be held not later than September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 2; New Caledonia also elects two seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by June 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 2Judicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Appeal in Noumea or Cour d'Appel (the highest local judicial court; organized into civil, commercial, social, and pre-trial investigation chambers; number of judges NA); Conseil d'Etat (the highest local administrative court; number of judges NA)note - final appeals are heard before the Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation, in Parisjudge selection and term of office: NAsubordinate courts: Courts of First Instance include: civil, juvenile, commercial, labor, police, criminal, Assizes, and also a pre-trial investigation chamber; Joint Commerce Tribunal; administrative courtsPolitical parties and leaders:Caledonia Together [Philippe GOMES]Caledonian Union or UC [Daniel GOA]Front National or FN [Marine LE PEN]Kanak Socialist Front for National Liberation or FLNKS (includes PALIKA, UNI, UC, and UPM)Labor Party [Louis Kotra UREGEI]National Union for Independence (Union Nationale pour l'Independance) or UNIParti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA [Paul NEAOUTYINE]Socialist Group [Jean Pierre BEL]Socialist Kanak Liberation or LKS [Nidoish NAISSELINE]The Future Together or AE [Harold MARTIN]The Rally or UMP [Pierre GROGIER]Union of Pro-Independence Co-operation Committees [Francois BURCK]Political pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:PIF (associate member), SPC, UPU, WFTU (NGOs)Diplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas territory of France)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas territory of France)Flag description:the flag of France is usedNational symbol(s):kagu birdNational anthem:name: ""Soyons unis, devenons freres"" (Let Us Be United, Let Us Become Brothers)lyrics/music: Chorale Melodia (a local choir)note: adopted 2008; the anthem contains a mixture of lyrics in both French and Nengone (an indigenous language); as a self-governing territory of France, in addition to the local anthem, ""La Marseillaise"" is official (see France)Economy ::New CaledoniaEconomy - overview:New Caledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel reserves. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than 15% of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy; during 2009-10, France sent more development assistance to New Caledonia than to any of its other overseas territories. Substantial new investment in the nickel industry, combined with the recovery of global nickel prices, brightens the economic outlook for the next several years.GDP (purchasing power parity):$9.28 billion (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 154$3.158 billion (2003 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$9.28 billion (2008 est.)GDP - real growth rate:0.6% (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 170GDP - per capita (PPP):$37,700 (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 33$15,000 (2003 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 65.4%government consumption: 28%investment in fixed capital: 28.2%investment in inventories: 0%exports of goods and services: 27%imports of goods and services: -48.7%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 2.1%industry: 28.3%services: 69.6% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:vegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products; fishIndustries:nickel mining and smeltingIndustrial production growth rate:7% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 29Labor force:106,400 (2010)country comparison to the world: 183Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 20%industry: 20%services: 60% (2002)Unemployment rate:17.1% (2004)country comparison to the world: 153Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $996 millionexpenditures: $1.072 billion (2001 est.)Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):NA% of GDPFiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):1.7% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 342.4% (2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NAExports:$969.4 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 160$1.717 billion (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:ferronickels, nickel ore, fishExports - partners:Japan 17.2%, France 16.2%, South Korea 12.2%, China 9.6%, Australia 8.3%, Belgium 4.9% (2012)Imports:$3.313 billion (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 141$3.699 billion (2010 est.)Imports - commodities:machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffsImports - partners:France 33.4%, Singapore 22.4%, Australia 11.7%, NZ 5% (2012)Debt - external:$79 million (1998 est.)country comparison to the world: 191Exchange rates:Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar -85.74 (2011 est.)90.01 (2010 est.)Energy ::New CaledoniaElectricity - production:1.675 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 137Electricity - consumption:1.558 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 144Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 107Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 111Electricity - installed generating capacity:421,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 140Electricity - from fossil fuels:79.1% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 93Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 146Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:18.5% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 94Electricity - from other renewable sources:2.4% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 157Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 103Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 169Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 211Refined petroleum products - consumption:13,640 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 148Refined petroleum products - exports:730 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 114Refined petroleum products - imports:14,550 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 120Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 176Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 150Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 102Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 173Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:3.027 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 140Communications ::New CaledoniaTelephones - main lines in use:76,200 (2011)country comparison to the world: 152Telephones - mobile cellular:227,300 (2011)country comparison to the world: 176Telephone system:general assessment: a submarine cable network connection between New Caledonia and Australia, completed in 2007, increased network capacity and improved high-speed connectivity and access to international networksdomestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone subscribership exceeds 100 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 687; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2010)Broadcast media:the publicly owned French Overseas Network (RFO), which operates in France's overseas departments and territories, broadcasts over the RFO Nouvelle Caledonie TV and radio stations; a small number of privately owned radio stations also broadcast (2008)Internet country code:.ncInternet hosts:34,231 (2012)country comparison to the world: 104Internet users:85,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 165Transportation ::New CaledoniaAirports:25 (2013)country comparison to the world: 128Airports - with paved runways:total: 12over 3,047 m: 1914 to 1,523 m: 10under 914 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 13914 to 1,523 m: 5under 914 m:8 (2013)Heliports:8 (2013)Roadways:total: 5,622 km (2006)country comparison to the world: 151Merchant marine:registered in other countries: 3 (France 3) (2010)country comparison to the world: 135Ports and terminals:NoumeaMilitary ::New CaledoniaMilitary branches:no regular military forces; French military, police, and gendarmerie (2012)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 68,219 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 56,233females age 16-49: 55,983 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 2,272female: 2,167 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:NAMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of FranceTransnational Issues ::New CaledoniaDisputes - international:Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by France and Vanuatu"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
New Caledonia — • Vicariate apostolic in Oceania Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. New Caledonia New Caledonia † … Catholic encyclopedia
New Caledonia — an island in the Pacific Ocean, east of Australia, which is a ↑territory of France. Population: 204,863 (2001). Capital: Nouméa … Dictionary of contemporary English
New Caledonia — French island in the SW Pacific, east of Australia: with nearby islands an overseas territory of France: 7,172 sq mi (18,575 sq km); pop. 164,000; cap. Nouméa … English World dictionary
New Caledonia — This article is about the overseas territory. For other uses, see New Caledonia (disambiguation). For other uses, see Caledonia. New Caledonia Nouvelle Calédonie … Wikipedia
New Caledonia — /kal i doh nee euh, dohn yeuh/ 1. an island in the S Pacific, ab. 800 mi. (1290 km) E of Australia. 113,680; 6224 sq. mi. (16,120 sq. km). 2. an overseas territory of France comprising this island and other smaller islands: formerly a penal… … Universalium
New Caledonia — Nouvelle Calédonie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nouvelle Calédonie (homonymie). Nouvelle Calédonie … Wikipédia en Français
New Caledonia — Nouvelle Calédonie Neukaledonien … Deutsch Wikipedia
New Caledonia — noun /ˈnjuː ˌkæl.ɪˈdəʊ.ni.ə,ˈnjuː ˌkæl.əˈdəʊ.ni.ə,ˈnu ˌkæl.ɪˈdoʊ.ni.ə,ˈnu ˌkæl.əˈdoʊ.ni.ə/ a) Overseas territory of France in Oceania. Official name: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies. b) A district of the west coast of British North… … Wiktionary
New Caledonia — New Caledo′nia n. 1) geg an island in the S Pacific, ab. 800 mi. (1290 km) E of Australia. 127,885; 6224 sq. mi. (16,120 sq. km) 2) geg an overseas territory of France comprising this island and other smaller islands: formerly a penal colony. 187 … From formal English to slang
New Caledonia — noun an island to the to the east of Australia and to the north of New Zealand • Derivationally related forms: ↑New Caledonian • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑Melanesia … Useful english dictionary